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Medical Usage of Marijuana

Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana can refer to the use of cannabis and its cannabinoids to treat disease or improve symptoms; however, there is no single agreed upon definition.[31][32] The use of cannabis as a medicine has not been rigorously scientifically tested, often due to production restrictions and other federal regulations.[33] There is limited evidence suggesting cannabis can be used to reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, to improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, and to treat chronic pain and muscle spasms.[34][35][36] Its use for other medical applications is insufficient for conclusions about safety or efficacy.

Short-term use increases the risk of both minor and major adverse effects.[35] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired, vomiting, and hallucinations.[35] Long-term effects of cannabis are not clear.[35] Concerns include memory and cognition problems, risk of addiction, schizophrenia in young people, and the risk of children taking it by accident.[34]

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